John 2:1-12 – Daily Bible (8 Jul 2014)

JOHN 2:1-12 (NIV – UK)

Jesus changes water into wine

On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, ‘They have no more wine.’

‘Woman, why do you involve me?’ Jesus replied. ‘My hour has not yet come.’

His mother said to the servants, ‘Do whatever he tells you.’

Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from eighty to a hundred and twenty litres.

Jesus said to the servants, ‘Fill the jars with water’; so they filled them to the brim.

Then he told them, ‘Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.’

They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realise where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, ‘Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.’

11 What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.

12 After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother and brothers and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days.


We are told this miracle of Jesus took place ‘on the third day’ (v. 1). This is a detail we can so easily skip over – but we must consider that the ‘third day’ is significant throughout the Scriptures – this usually denotes new beginnings or resurrection (Jesus rose on the third day). This is a clue, therefore, as to how we should understand Jesus’ miracle here.

Blood of JesusThere were six stone jars used for ceremonial washing (v. 6). We can read about the original ceremonial washing in Leviticus 11 where we learn that our whole lives are infected by sin and need washing clean. One day these things will be made new – there will be a re-creation. This is what Jesus means to display here. By turning water into wine he is displaying the new creation that he will bring about through his resurrection on the third day. Note that it is the very best wine – this is a taste of the new creation future. The wine is also representative of his blood, and by using the ceremonial washing jars and filling them with wine, he is revealing that it is his blood that will truly wash us clean.

This is why we are told that through this Jesus ‘revealed his glory’ – his giving of himself on the Cross (John 17:1-4).

Jesus wants to bring about a new creation in us through his blood – washing us clean and transforming us into something new. In the words of the great hymn by Robert Lowry:

What can wash away my sin?
Nothing but the blood of Jesus;
What can make me whole again?
Nothing but the blood of Jesus.

Oh! precious is the flow
That makes me white as snow;
No other fount I know,
Nothing but the blood of Jesus.

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